About the ETGE
The East Turkistan Government-in-Exile (ETGE), the Government in Exile of the Republic of East Turkistan, is the democratically elected official body representing East Turkistan and its people.
On December 22, 1949 the People’s Republic of China overthrew the independent East Turkistan Republic, leading to many East Turkistanis including senior military and government officials to flee to the Soviet Union. Over the decades since China occupied East Turkistan, various East Turkistani entities played the role of a de-facto government in exile and were unable to find a friendly nation willing to host them as an official government in exile.
The East Turkistan Government in Exile was formally established on September 14, 2004, as an official government in exile in Washington, DC, by prominent Uyghur, Kazakh and other East Turkistani independence leaders representing over a dozen organizations from across the East Turkistani / Uyghur diaspora following the dissolution of the East Turkistan National Congress (ETNC).
The East Turkistan Government in Exile is a democratic body with a representative Parliament. The primary leaders — President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Speaker (Chair) of Parliament, and Deputy Speaker (Chair) of Parliament — are democratically elected by the Parliament members from all over the East Turkistani diaspora in the General Assembly.
The Prime Minister forms the Government’s Cabinet with the President, the Speaker (Chair), and Deputy Speaker (Chair) of the Parliament’s approval. The Members of Parliament are elected by the diaspora community in their respective host nations. Elections occur every four years, and all members of the Parliament serve a four-year term and can be re-elected.
The East Turkistan Government in Exile has close contacts and working relations with most East Turkistan and Uyghur organizations across the world that peacefully promote restoring independence, human rights, religious freedom, and democracy for East Turkistan and all of its people.
During the past seven decades, since China occupied East Turkistan in December 1949, the East Turkistan Government in Exile has been adept at adapting to the shifting political realities facing our country and its people. It is because of our versatility that ETGE is an effective and powerful voice for East Turkistan and its people.
The East Turkistan Government in Exile and its Parliament in Exile held its 8th General Assembly in Washington, DC. A new administration headed by Prime Minister Salih Hudayar and President Ghulam Osman Yaghma was elected into office.
The East Turkistan Government in Exile and its Parliament in Exile held an extraordinary meeting in Mugla, Turkey to impeach its then President Mr. Ahmatjan Osman for violating the Constitution and elected Mr. Ghulam Osman Yaghma in his place as the Acting President.
The East Turkistan Government in Exile and its Parliament in Exile held its 7th General Assembly in Tokyo, Japan.
The East Turkistan Government in Exile was formally established, with its headquarters in Washington DC, to advocate for the restoration of East Turkistan's independence following the dissolution of the East Turkistan National Congress [Center].
The East Turkistan National Congress [Center] which had been established in 1992 relocates to Munich, Germany from Istanbul, Turkey and begins to splinter as some Uyghurs with historical ties to China became heavily involved in the organization and argued against independence and instead began to advocate for autonomy and human rights under China.
Leaders of the various East Turkistani organizations, including the East Turkistan National Committe, from across the world convened in Istanbul, Turkey to create a unified body to struggle for the restoration of East Turkistan's independence.
In 1969, military officers of the former East Turkistan Republic (1944-1949) established the United Revolutionary Front of East Turkistan in Almaty under the leadership of Yusupbek Mukhlisi of the East Turkistan National Committee (National Committee for Eastern Turkistan) to struggle to regain East Turkistan's independence.
Following a failed uprising in April 1962, over 60,000 Uyghurs and Kazakhs, including former East Turkistan Republic officials, flee to the Soviet Union. Former ETR officials establish the East Turkistan National Committee (National Committee for Eastern Turkistan) acting as a de-facto government in exile.
On December 22, 1949 the East Turkistan Republic was formally overthrown by the People's Republic of China with the incorporation of the East Turkistan National Army into the PLA's 5th Army Corps.